Electrochemical models are more and more widely applied in battery diagnostics, prognostics and fast charging control, considering their high fidelity, high extrapolability and physical interpretability. However, parameter identification of electrochemical models is challenging due to the complicated model structure and a large number of physical parameters with different identifiability. The scope of this work is the development of a data-driven parameter identification framework for electrochemical models for lithium-ion batteries in real-world operations with artificial intelligence, i.e., the cuckoo search algorithm. Only current and voltage data are used as input for the multi-objective global optimization of the parameters considering both voltage error between the model and the battery and the relative capacity error between two electrodes. The multi-step identification process based on sensitivity analysis increases the identification accuracy of the parameters with low sensitivity. Moreover, the novel identification process inspired by the training process in machine learning further overcomes the overfitting problem using limited battery data. The data-driven approach achieves a maximum root mean square error of 9 mV and 12.7 mV for the full cell voltage under constant current discharging and real-world driving cycles, respectively, which is only 17.9% and 42.9% of that of the experimental identification approach.
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